Workflows for e-Science: Scientific Workflows for Grids

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Ian J. Taylor, Ewa Deelman, Dennis B. Gannon, Matthew Shields
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 31, 2007 - 526 páginas
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This collection of articles on ‘Work?ows for e-Science’ is very timely and - portant. Increasingly, to attack the next generation of scienti?c problems, multidisciplinary and distributed teams of scientists need to collaborate to make progress on these new ‘Grand Challenges’. Scientists now need to access and exploit computational resources and databases that are geographically distributed through theuseof high speed networks. ‘Virtual Organizations’ or ‘VOs’ must be established that span multiple administrative domains and/or institutions and which can provide appropriate authentication and author- ation services and access controls to collaborating members. Some of these VOsmayonlyhavea?eetingexistencebutthelifetimeofothersmayrun into many years. The Grid community is attempting to develop both sta- ards and middleware to enable both scientists and industry to build such VOs routinely and robustly. This, of course, has been the goal of research in distributed computing for many years; but now these technologies come with a new twist service orie- ation. By specifying resources in terms of a service description, rather than allowing direct access to the resources, the IT industry believes that such an approach results in the construction of more robust distributed systems. The industry has therefore united around web services as the standard technology toimplementsuchserviceorientedarchitecturesandtoensureinteroperability between di?erent vendor systems.
 

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Página xiv - Department of Computer Science, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK L . BraineCcs . ucl .ac.uk C . ClackCcs . ucl .ac.uk Abstract.
Página 9 - the automation of a business process, in whole or part, during which documents, information or tasks are passed from one participant to another for action, according to a set of procedural rules.
Página 486 - A Survey of Basic Net Models and Modular Net Classes"; in "Advances in Petri Nets 1992"; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; G.
Página 487 - D. Booth, H. Haas, F. McCabe, E. Newcomer, M. Champion, C. Ferris and D. Orchard, Web services architecture, W3C Working Draft, August 2003.
Página xxi - Mathematics and Computer Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA...

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Acerca del autor (2007)

Dr. Ian Taylor has been a Lecturer at Cardiff University's School of Computer Science since 2002. He concurrently holds an adjunct Assistant Professorship at the Center for Computation & Technology at Louisiana State University and regularly offers consultations in the USA. He has a Ph.D. in Physics and Music and is the co-ordinator of Triana activities at Cardiff (http://www.trianacode.org). Through this he has been active in many major projects including GridLab, CoreGrid and GridOneD. His research interests include distributed techniques and workflow for Grid and P2P computing, which take in applications ranging from astrophysics and healthcare to distributed audio.

Ian has previously written a professional book for Springer on P2P, Web Services and Grids, and has published over 50 scientific papers. He has also co-edited a special edition for Journal of Grid Computing on Scientific Workflow.

Dr. Matthew Shields has been a research associate at Cardiff University, jointly in the Schools of Computer Science,
Physics and Astronomy, since 2001. He gained his Ph.D. in Computer Science from Cardiff University in the area of
problem solving environments. Dr Shields is one of two lead developers for the Triana project and has been responsible
for helping broaden its adoption within new application domains including biodiversity. His interests include problem
solving environments, workflow, component and service based computing, Grid and high-performance computing.

Ewa Deelman is an Research Assistant Professor at the USC Computer Science Department and a Research Team Leader at the Center for Grid Technologies at the USC Information Sciences Institute. Dr. Deelman's research interests include the design and exploration of collaborative scientific environments based on Grid technologies, with particular emphasis on workflow management as well as the management of large amounts of data and metadata. At ISI, Dr. Deelman is leading the Pegasus project, which designs and implements workflow mapping techniques for large-scale workflows running in distributed environments. Pegasus is being used day-to-day by scientists in a variety of disciplines including astronomy, gravitational-wave physics, earthquake science and many others. Prior to joining ISI in 2000, she was a Senior Software Developer at UCLA conducting research in the area of performance prediction of large-scale applications on high performance machines.

Dr. Deelman received her PhD from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Computer Science in 1997 in the area of parallel discrete event simulation. Dr. Deelman is an Associate Editor responsible for Grid Computing for the Scientific Programming Journal and a chair of the GGF Workflow Management Research Group.

Dennis Gannon, Department of Computer Science, Lindley Hall, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47401 (gannon@cs.indiana.edu) Dr. Gannon is a professor of Computer Science in the School of Informatics at Indiana University. He is also Science Director for the Indiana Pervasive Technology Labs. He received his Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Illinois in 1980 and his Ph.D. in Mathematics from the University of California in 1974. From 1980 to 1985, he was on the faculty at Purdue University. From 1997-2004 he was Chairman of the Indiana Computer Science Department. His research interests include software tools for high performance parallel and distributed systems and problem solving environments for scientific computation.

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