Francis Bacon: The History of a Character Assassination

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Yale University Press, 1996 M01 1 - 592 páginas
Beyond his own country Francis Bacon is remembered as a great man, founder of modern science and philosophy, a just judge and a teacher of kings. In England and America, however, he is seen more as a cruel, corrupt and power-hungry politician. Which appraisal is correct? In this fascinating re-evaluation of one of Britain's most significant figures, Nieves Mathews examines the charges against Bacon and reveals how distorted facts can be recast as historical truths.
In 1621 Bacon fell from power as Lord Chancellor, the highest position in the land. Charged with accepting bribes, he was convicted, fined, imprisoned and exiled from the Court. He died five years later, disgraced and deeply in debt. In this illuminating study of the Jacobean administration - a system which depended on corruption at every level - Nieves Mathews shows Bacon to have been among the least tainted of the King's officials, the scapegoat in a political conspiracy aimed at dislodging the royal favourite.
The destruction of Bacon's reputation followed Thomas Babington Macaulay's eloquent 'Essay on Bacon', published in 1837. Macaulay's depiction of a cloven-hearted genius, at once the greatest and meanest of mankind, launched a tireless search among Bacon's biographers for evidence of malice and corruption. Now, with the benefit of recent scholarship, Nieves Mathews portrays a man both single-minded and fallible, with qualities and flaws. Her penetrating reappraisal rescues Bacon from a long tradition of abuse and misrepresentation.
 

Contenido

The Peremptory Tides of Reputation That Angel from Paradise 3 The Horrible Old Rascal
3
THE FAITHLESS FOLLOWER
25
Who Abandoned his Patron
27
And Betrayed
44
Essex Hero and Martyr
60
The Servant and the Dreamer
73
THE CORRUPT CHANCELLOR
89
A Tragedy in Three Acts
91
The Venomous Atheist the Traitor and the Coward
369
Englands One Scoundrel
384
The False Persona
394
The Sterile Philosopher
406
89
421
The Secret of their Success
429
91
442
99
444

Principal Members of the Cast
99
A Double Scenario
110
Two Attacks are Mounted and Silently Dropped
127
1
158
3
165
7
189
25
195
27
197
44
199
60
203
Thirsting for Power
229
Using his Ideas as Counters in the Power Game
238
Hunting for Popularity
256
Cravenly Suing for Power and Complacently Savouring
266
73
279
With Not a Trace of Pity for Any Human Being
283
The Lukewarm Hater
295
Without Steady Attachments
304
The Meanest of Mankind
323
The TwoSouled Monster
337
The Creeping Snake
353
Appendix
445
11
450
12
451
Bacon is Accused of Corruption in the Commons 13 Act II The Lords Join in the Hunt
476
Surrender and Sentence
480
Evaluation of the Trial 16 The Contemporary View of Bacons Fall
484
Abuses of the Times
487
Bacons Essential Justice 18
491
19
492
The Aftermath
493
110
501
127
515
Bibliography
561
139
566
150
570
Index
582
180
584
193
585
206
589
217
592
Derechos de autor

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